AskDefine | Define harvest

Dictionary Definition

harvest

Noun

1 the yield from plants in a single growing season [syn: crop]
2 the consequence of an effort or activity; "they gathered a harvest of examples"; "a harvest of love"
3 the gathering of a ripened crop [syn: harvesting, harvest home]
4 the season for gathering crops [syn: harvest time]

Verb

1 gather, as of natural products; "harvest the grapes" [syn: reap, glean]
2 remove from a culture or a living or dead body, as for the purposes of transplantation; "The Chinese are said to harvest organs from executed criminals"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Old English hærfest.

Pronunciation

  • IPA: (US) /ˈhɑɹ.vɪ̆st/
  • IPA: (UK) /ˈhaːvɪst/

Noun

  1. The yield of harvesting (usually a food crop.)
  2. The product or result of any exertion or labor; gain; reward.
  3. In the context of "paganism": A modern pagan ceremony held on or around the autumn equinox.

Translations

yield of harvesting

Verb

  1. to bring in; reap; glean

Translations

Extensive Definition

In agriculture, the harvest is the process of gathering mature crops from the fields. Reaping is the cutting of grain or pulse for harvest, typically using a scythe, sickle, or reaper. The harvest marks the end of the growing season, or the growing cycle for a particular crop. Harvesting in general usage includes an immediate post-harvest handling, all of the actions taken immediately after removing the crop—cooling, sorting, cleaning, packing—up to the point of further on-farm processing, or shipping to the wholesale or consumer market.

Important factors

Harvest timing is a critical decision, that balances the likely weather conditions with the degree of crop maturity. Weather conditions such as frost, rain (resulting in a "wet harvest"), and unseasonably warm or cold periods can affect yield and quality. An earlier harvest date may avoid damaging conditions, but result in poorer yield and quality. Delaying harvest may result in a better harvest, but increases the risk of weather problems. Timing of the harvest often amounts to a significant gamble.
On smaller farms with minimal mechanization, harvesting is the most labor-intensive activity of the growing season. On large, mechanized farms, harvesting utilizes the most expensive and sophisticated farm machinery, like the combine harvester.

Etymology

Before the 16th century, harvest was the term usually used to refer to the Autumn season. However, as more people gradually moved from working the land to living in towns (especially those who were literate), the word came to refer to the actual activity of reaping, rather than the time of year, and the terms Fall and Autumn began to replace it in the former sense.

Other uses

The word harvest commonly refers to grain and produce, but also has other uses. In addition to fish and timber, the term harvest is also used in reference to harvesting grapes for wine. Within the context of irrigation, water harvesting refers to the collection and run-off of rainwater for agricultural or domestic uses. Energy harvesting is the process by which energy (such as solar power, thermal energy, wind energy, salinity gradients and kinetic energy) is captured and stored. Body harvesting, or cadaver harvesting, is the process of collecting and preparing cadavers for anatomical study. In a similar sense, organ harvesting is the removal of tissues or organs from a donor for purposes of transplanting.

References

harvest in Bulgarian: Жътва
harvest in Danish: Høst
harvest in German: Ernte
harvest in Spanish: Cosecha
harvest in Esperanto: Rikolto
harvest in French: Récolte
harvest in Scottish Gaelic: Buain
harvest in Hebrew: קציר
harvest in Dutch: Oogst
harvest in Japanese: 収穫
harvest in Polish: Żniwa
harvest in Quechua: Aymuray
harvest in Russian: Урожай
harvest in Simple English: Harvest
harvest in Serbian: Жетва
harvest in Swedish: Skörd
harvest in Tajik: Ҳосил
harvest in Samogitian: Rogēpjūtė
harvest in Chinese: 收割

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

accumulate, acquire, aftermath, amass, assemble, autumn, bag, be seized of, bearing, bin, bring in, bumper crop, by-product, cache, capture, carve, catch, chisel, collect, come by, come in for, come into, consequence, consequent, contract, convert, corollary, corral, crop, crop herbs, cropping, cultivate, cut, cutting, derivation, derivative, derive, development, dig, distillate, drag down, draw, earn, effect, enter into possession, event, eventuality, eventuation, extract, fall, fruit, gain, garner, garnering, gather, gather in, gathering, get, glean, gleaning, grabble, grow, harvest home, harvest time, harvesting, hay, hide, hoard, ingathering, issue, legacy, logical outcome, machine, make, mill, mine, mow, net, nut, nutting, obtain, offshoot, offspring, outcome, outgrowth, output, pick, pluck, precipitate, proceeds, process, procure, produce, product, production, pull down, pump, raise, reap, reap and carry, reaping, rear, receive, refine, result, resultant, sack, score, second crop, secure, sequel, sequela, sequence, sequent, smelt, squirrel, stash, store up, storing, stow away, take, take in, throughput, upshot, vintage, win, yield
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